Major update: 15th December 2021
Table of Contents for According to their ‘kinds’ – Does science threaten Genesis?
- Table of Contents for According to their ‘kinds’ – Does science threaten Genesis?
According to their kinds – Days 5 and 6 of creation
On the creation day 5 we see the sea creatures and those that fly in the air being created, all according to ‘their kinds’.
On day 6 we see the land animals being created according to ‘their kinds’ along with mankind.
When we look at Genesis and science does it stand up?
There is a very important phrase that is repeated 10 times throughout the Creation account, and that is “according to their kinds”.
Sea creatures, plants, trees, water creatures, birds, land creatures, animals, livestock, everything was “according to their kinds”.
While biologists debate what constitutes a species, the Bible alludes to a much broader category, called a ‘kind.’‘Natural-selection – speciation’ Answers in Genesis [i]
The biblical kind often includes many different species, but they still belong to the same family.”
God designed and made the wolf-like ancestor which we would classify as being from the family: Canida and the Genus: Canis.
From this has developed domestic dogs, wolves, foxes, coyotes, jackals, dingoes, and other dog-like mammals, all of which are agreed by evolutionists and creationists to share a common wolf-like ancestor.
Man’s selective breeding has evolved the Bulldog, the Great Dane, etc.
But these are all dogs.
They form a small part of ‘their kind’ – the Canida family.
And God said,Genesis 1:20 – 23
‘Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky.’
So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind.
And God saw that it was good.
God blessed them and said,
‘Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.’
And there was evening, and there was morning–the fifth day.”
The fossil record is a faithful witness to the different kinds that God has produced.
In my opinion, there are no in-between links that have been found that show creatures changing from one kind to another.
Creatures can change within their kinds, for example dogs and wolves as we mentioned earlier.
There may be similarities when looking at two kinds, but that doesn’t mean they all came from one ancient, single creature.
We can catalogue creatures into sub-groups according to bone structure, skin, scales, etc, but similarities can occur because One Designer formed the different parts and chose to overlap some design features.
It doesn’t mean that they have all evolved from one particular thing.
There are variations, say colour, but not a flipper changing to a foot.
The foot was specifically designed for it’s environment and a flipper for it’s own environment.
Some people say that it is crazy to think that everything was created as individual kinds.
But stand back from the theory of Evolution and that can easily be seen as being crazy.
Can a creature really completely change the shape of it’s self and become a different kind of creature?
Zonkeys, zorses and hebras
If two animals can produce a hybrid, then they are considered to be of the same kind.‘What Are “Kinds” in Genesis?’ by Bodie Hodge and Dr. Georgia Purdom [ii]
However, the inability to produce offspring does not necessarily rule out that the animals are of the same kind, since this may be the result of mutations (since the Fall).
Zonkeys (from a male zebra bred with a female donkey), zorses (male zebra and female horse), and hebras (male horse and female zebra) are all examples of hybrid animals.
Hybrid animals are the result of the mating of two animals of the same “kind.”
Perhaps one of the most popular hybrids of the past has been the mule, the mating of a horse and donkey.
So seeing something like a zorse or zonkey shouldn’t really surprise anyone, since donkeys, zebras, and horses all belong to the horse kind.”
There are also Ligers – mating a male lion and a female tiger (only in captivity).
Tigons mating a female lion and a male tiger.
Blynx and Lynxcat are bobcats with lynx.
All this suggests that there is only one cat kind.
A wholphin is the result of mating a false killer whale and bottlenose dolphin, etc, etc.
Therefore the conclusion is that there are a lot less ‘kinds’ than there are ‘species’.
Mankind the pinnacle of creation – Day 6
An amazing thing has been discovered in the field of genetics.
Scientists are now categorising mankind by studying DNA and mitochondrial haplogroups are divided into three main groups (that’s interesting because there were three child bearing women that were on Noah’s Ark).
Then God said,Genesis 1:26 – 28
‘Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.’
So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.
God blessed them and said to them,
‘Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it.
Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground.’ “
Notice God created a fully grown man.
If you had looked at Adam and Eve at that point in time, you would have said they were, say, 22 years old.
So let’s imagine guessing their age 10 years later.
How old are they?
Do we say that they are 32 years old, or 10 years old?!!
How about another example:
Jesus turned the water into wine, at the wedding in Cana.
How old was this ‘mature wine’ when the master of the banquet tasted it?
There is no problem for God to create something instantaneously.
When God created everything, it would appear to be mature.
For example fully grown creatures and animals, etc, fully mature fruit trees, etc, fully mature Sun, moon, galaxies, etc.
So when we attempt to put an age on the universe, what age do we put on it?
By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God’s command, so that what is seen was not made out of what was visible.”Hebrews 11:3
[i] ‘Natural Selection – Speciation’ Answers in Genesis
[ii] ‘What Are “Kinds” in Genesis?’ by Bodie Hodge and Dr. Georgia Purdom Answers in Genesis
[iii] Dog images: thanks to Serif RESOURCE CD.
I started on my Faith Journey in 1976 whilst on my sandwich year from college.
Since then I’ve not been restrained to any one denomination – believing that local Church is always important. Through career moves and life changes this has enabled me to play a part in the Assembly of God Church, Elim, various New Church Groupings, Brethren, Anglican and Baptist Churches.
I am married to Jackie and we live in Cambridgeshire in the UK.