Now we come to Day 4 of Creation in the Bible
So is Genesis scientific?
Unscientific and illogical verses
Well, we come to the most illogical verses – for the human brain.
God NOW saw it fit to mention the Sun, moon, planets, and stars AFTER light had appeared on day 1 of Creation!
But everyone knows that the Sun provides us with energy, heat and light…
And God said,Genesis 1:14-19
‘Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years, and let them be lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth.’
And it was so.
God made two great lights–the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night.
He also made the stars.
God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth, to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness.
And God saw that it was good.
And there was evening, and there was morning–the fourth day.”
Even the most uncivilised and backward tribes know that the Sun provides us with heat and light.
Understanding by faith
So if anyone was to write an account of the beginning of the world, it would be intellectual suicide to create the Sun at this point.
But God does!
By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God’s command, so that what is seen was not made out of what was visible.”Hebrews 11:3
Faith says that God commands and things come into existence.
But science completely hits a brick wall at this point because things cannot be made out of nothing.
Perhaps God was showing us that we don’t need the Sun to survive, God can provide the right conditions without the Sun.
So I will have to say it again: Perhaps God was showing us that we don’t need the Sun to survive – just like the Bible’s description of the end of the world:
(God’s) city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light…”Revelation 21:23
Were the heavenly bodies formed before day four?
Some people believe that the Sun, moon, planets, and stars were created before this Day 4, but thick cloud cover hid them from view, (the creation account being described as if viewed from the earth).
So at this point on day 4 the thick clouds separated and so the sun was revealed giving the appearance that these objects in space had just been created.
The description of the day stills remains identical: “And there was evening, and there was morning–the forth day.” therefore the length of the ‘day’ must be identical.
Heavenly bodies there for a reason
God tells us that these “lights in the expanse of the sky” were “to give light on the earth’.
But the Sun was not only to shed light; the Sun, moon, planets, and stars were put there to:
serve as signs to mark sacred times, and days and years”Genesis 1:14
The phases of the moon, our orbit around the Sun, and the movements of the stars, all help man to measure time.
The Babylonians, Egyptians and Greeks knew that a solar eclipse takes place every 18 years and 11 days.
Historians have been able to give a fixed date to certain events in history, because they have fallen on a certain eclipse, or whatever.
Logical orbits and retrograde orbits
Some scientists would say ‘ridiculous’ to Genesis’ description.
In their eyes, obviously the planets were formed from the Sun, then they gradually cooled and became solid planets.
But that theory runs into some problems:
All eight planets in the Solar System orbit the Sun in the direction of the Sun’s rotation, which is counter clockwise when viewed from above the Sun’s north pole.Wikipedia [ii]
Six of the planets also rotate about their axis in this same direction.
The exceptions – the planets with retrograde rotation – are Venus and Uranus.
Venus’s axial tilt is 177°, which means it is rotating almost exactly in the opposite direction to its orbit.
Uranus has an axial tilt of 97.77°, so its axis of rotation is approximately parallel with the plane of the Solar System.
The reason for Uranus’s unusual axial tilt is not known with certainty, but the usual speculation is that during the formation of the Solar System, an Earth-sized protoplanet collided with Uranus, causing the skewed orientation…”
Then some of the moons also have retrograde orbits.
If formed in the gravity field of a planet as the planet is forming, a moon will orbit the planet in the same direction as the planet is rotating and is a regular moon.Wikipedia [ii]
If an object is formed elsewhere and later captured into orbit by a planet’s gravity, it can be captured into either a retrograde or prograde orbit depending on whether it first approaches the side of the planet that is rotating towards or away from it.
This is an irregular moon.”
Whether science can answer these questions boils down to how much faith you have in those scientists or not.
Evolution creates as many questions as it seeks to answer!
See the next article: Genesis and science Day 5 and 6 Part 4
Or the first in this series: Does Genesis fail scientific study? Day 1 Part 1