How does the Bible deal with the creation of the atmosphere and the appearance of the land.
Scientific Genesis? Day 2 of creation the earth’s atmosphere
Before scientists told us all the facts about the earth’s atmosphere, we may never have realised how important this invisible stuff really is!
The Earth’s atmosphere is divided into five main layers:
- The troposphere is 4 to 12 miles (7 to 20 km) thick and is closest to Earth. Most of the water vapor and dust is found here – hence clouds form.
- The stratosphere is the next layer and ends about 31 miles (50 km) above the ground. Ozone is abundant heating the atmosphere and absorbing harmful radiation from the sun. The air has virtually no moisture. It is a thousand times thinner than at sea level, so jet aeroplanes and weather balloons fly there.
- The mesosphere extends to 53 miles (85 km) from the Earth. This is too high for aeroplanes and satellites orbit above this. The temperature is about minus 130 degrees F (minus 90 C).
- The thermosphere extends to between 310 and 620 miles (500 and 1,000 km) from the Earth’s surface. Scientifically it is part of the atmosphere, but air density is so low that it can be considered as outer space. This is where the International Space Station orbits. Also auroras occur here. Temperatures can get up to 2,700 degrees F (1,500 C) at this altitude.
- The exosphere, the last layer, is extremely thin and is where the atmosphere merges into outer space.
From the various space missions we now know how hostile space is.
Therefore the earth’s atmosphere is incredibly important to our survival.
So it is apt that God devotes a whole day creating the atmosphere in the Genesis creation account.
And God said,Genesis 1:6-8 NRS
‘Let there be a dome in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.’
So God made the dome and separated the waters that were under the dome from the waters that were above the dome.
And it was so.
God called the dome Sky.
And there was evening and there was morning, the second day.”
Some people believe that God possibly created a thick canopy around the earth, giving a semi-tropical climate to the whole earth, which then collapsed at the time of Noah’s flood, creating a world wide flood.
But if there was such a canopy surely it would have obscured the stars?
Because on day 4 it mentions the stars being seen from the earth.
Scientific Genesis? Day 3 of creation the dry ground appears
And God said,Genesis 1:9-10
‘Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear.’
And it was so.
God called the dry ground ‘land,’ and the gathered waters he called ‘seas.’
And God saw that it was good.”
We now know that ‘land’ can be pushed up by huge forces within the Earth’s crust.
Scientists who hold to the Genesis creation account and to Noah’s flood, believe that the highest mountains were not pushed up until near the end of that flood, when there were possibly huge volcanic earth movements.
Day 3 of creation continued – Vegetation appeared
Then God said,Genesis 1:11-13
‘Let the land produce vegetation:
seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds.’
And it was so.
The land produced vegetation:
plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds.
And God saw that it was good.
And there was evening, and there was morning—the third day.”
The important thing to see here is that God created different plants and trees and that they would reproduce ‘according to their kinds.’
God designed and created different plants right from the start.
See the next article: Is Genesis scientific? Day 4 Part 3
Or the first in this series: Does Genesis fail scientific study? Day 1 Part 1