Obligate mutualism

This article was published on: 2 February, 2012
Last modified on 24 November, 2020

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Fig Wasp on a Fig leaf.Where two different things cannot survive without each other.

Ficus macrophylla, commonly known as the Moreton Bay Fig, comes from Australia and has an obligate mutualism with fig wasps.

This means that the figs are only pollinated by fig wasps, and fig wasps can only reproduce in fig flowers.

There were totally failed attempts at growing the plant in Hawaii and California until they introduced the correct wasps.

How can two totally different things just evolve by chance – one cannot survive without the other.

There’s not enough time for trial and error.

I would say that it is by ‘Intelligent Design’ and not chance.

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By Peter Reason

Copyright for NotManyWise: Peter Reason © 2004-2022 Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE28


  1. Thank you so much! We desperately need all of us pulling on the rope to drag society from error to truth. Darwinism is so ludicrous and yet it is indeed the story of the Emperor’s New Clothes. Once people see and admit it is completely absurd, the sea-change in the ruling paradigm will sweep popular absurdists like Richard Dawkins from the public eye and perhaps the world will begin looking at finding a relationship with God, the Creator?

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